Along with Churchill Crescent, the street is named in honour of the great Prime Minister and war leader, Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965).
He may be called one of the most illustrious Britons ever, being not only a great statesman, but also an orator and writer on war and the history of England and her people (for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature).
Churchill was the son of a Cabinet Minister and the grandson of the Duke of Marlborough. His early Army career saw hand-to-hand fighting with the Dervishes at Omdurman and while a war correspondent in the Boer War he was ambushed and captured but escaped with a £25 price on his head.
In 1900 he entered the House of Commons as a Tory but became disillusioned and in 1906 joined the Liberals. In 1908 he attained Cabinet rank as President of the Board of Trade and in 1910 Home Secretary. The next year he became First Lord of the Admiralty and reorganised the Navy for the war he foresaw. In 1917 Churchill became Minister for Munitions where he concentrated on the production of tanks which were largely his own idea.
Churchill continued to hold high office until 1929. During the late 1930’s he was in the political wilderness, increasingly alarmed at the actions of Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany. In May 1940, Churchill formed a Coalition National Government. He stood firmly against the German and Italian aggressors, made himself Minister for Defence and worked around the clock to plan Britain’s defence. He also liaised closely with President F D Roosevelt and was an inspired and inspiring leader.
Churchill was defeated in 1945 but returned to Downing Street in 1951 at the age of 77. He helped form NATO and warned of the tyranny behind the ‘Iron Curtain’ (his own phrase). Retiring from the premiership in 1955, he remained in Parliament for the next ten years, eschewing a dukedom and dying, revered and honoured, in his ninetieth year.
Winston Street was formerly Mons Street but was changed to avoid confusion with Monds Street.